Desert is not a surprising word for Iranians, it's because more than 20 percent of this land is desert and we can say Iran has the Earth's 23rd largest desert. Iranian Central Plateau consists of salt lakes, sand dunes and two major deserts: The Great Salt Desert (Dasht-e Kavir) and The Emptiness Desert (Dasht-e Lut). Dasht-e Kavir stretches from the Alborz mountain range in the North-West to the Dashte Lut in the South-East. This desert partitioned between these provinces: Semnan, Khorasan, Yazd, Isfahan and Tehran. The Dasht-e Kavir's climate is arid and receives little rain and snow each year.
The desert soil is covered with sand and pebbles; there are marshes, seasonal lakes and seasonal river beds.
Persian gazelles live in parts of steppe and desert areas of the central plateau. Wild sheep, camels, goats and Persian leopards are common in mountainous areas. Night life brings on wild cats, wolves, foxes, and other carnivores. In some parts of the desert, the Persian onager and sometimes even the Asiatic cheetah can be seen. Lizards and snakes live in different places in the central plateau. Sun-dried brick, raw mud and in some areas a limited quantity of stone are the only constructional materials used to build houses. Walls have to be built very thick for the sake of insulation and roofs have to be built in cupola or vaulted forms to last longer.
People are usually dressed in bright colors and clothing is mostly made of cotton. They are loose and long unless people are influenced by city dwellers’ culture.
There are many locations in these deserts for going safari and the most famous ones are: Maranjab, Rig-e Jen, Mers and Farahzad.
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